What are the Emissions Standards for Vehicles?

Ford ensures that every new vehicle sold and registered in Australia complies with the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989. The Act applies to new and used imported vehicles and locally manufactured vehicles. The Act requires vehicles to meet national standards covering safety and environmental requirements. These national standards are known as the Australian Design Rules (ADRs). Since the 1970s, Australia has had ever-tightening vehicle emissions standards. These largely reflect international standards developed through the United Nations World Forum for the Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations and form the basis of vehicle emission standards adopted in Europe and many other countries. These are commonly referred to as the “Euro” standards.

The current minimum standard for new light vehicles in Australia is ADR 79/04, which is based on the Euro 5 standards. The current minimum standard for new heavy vehicles is ADR 80/03, which is based on the Euro V standards, with equivalent US or Japanese standards accepted as alternatives. The Australian Government is currently reviewing whether or not to adopt the Euro 6 standards for light vehicles and Euro VI for heavy vehicles.

The amount of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) a vehicle will produce from the exhaust pipe is directly linked to the amount and type of fuel it uses. All Ford vehicles up to 3.5 tonnes Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) sold in Australia are tested in accordance to Australian Design Rule (ADR) 81/02. This ADR ensures that all vehicles sold in Australia are tested to the same standards and using the same methods, and the results published by the manufacturer in an easy to read format via the Fuel Consumption Label stuck to the windscreen of new vehicles. Externally chargeable (electric and ‘plug-in’ hybrid) vehicles have an energy consumption label, which also provides information on their electric energy consumption and range.

Consumers can compare the fuel consumption and emissions performance of different makes and models of vehicles by comparing the data on the Fuel Consumption Label. Be aware that the figures on this label don’t necessarily mean that the driver of the vehicle will achieve that exact level of fuel economy or emissions performance. Being a standardised test, the idea is that the consumer can compare many different vehicles allowing them to make an informed choice prior to purchase. However, many factors can affect the individual fuel economy figures your vehicle will actually achieve – driving style, vehicle loading, tyre type and tyre pressure, wind direction, traffic conditions and even what accessories you have had fitted to the vehicle.

Ford’s EcoBoost engine delivers powerful performance and better fuel economy than larger displacement engines in order to improve fuel economy and reduce vehicle emissions. In most conventional engines, some energy is lost in the exhaust. But in the EcoBoost, the turbocharger uses the force of the exhaust to push more air into the engine, generating more power without the need to consume more fuel. With Ford, you can choose from a range of environmentally advanced vehicles, offering improved fuel efficiency, which can save you money, and lower CO2 emissions. Even better, you don’t have to compromise on performance.